See the 45-page report here
1.FOREWORD & INTRODUCTION
The Freedom of religion or belief
Purpose of this report
Methodology and reading guide
Standing up for the right to freedom of religion or belief
- STATE OF FREEDOMOF RELIGION OR BELIEF AROUND THE WORLD
Country-specific evaluation India – China – Nigeria – Iran – Pakistan – Algeria – Myanmar– Turkey– Eritrea– Vietnam– Afghanistan
Stories of hope
- THE ROLE OF THE EU IN PROMOTING AND PROTECTING FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF AROUND THE WORLD
The involvement of the European Council and the Council of the EU in promoting and protecting the freedom of religion or belief
European Parliament’s engagement to promoting and protecting the freedom of religion or belief
European Parliament urgency resolutions
The EU Guidelines on the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief
Trade relations including the generalised scheme of preferences
The EU Special Envoy on the promotion and protection of freedom of religion or belief outside the European Union
- RECOMMENDATIONS TO STRENGTHEN THE EUROPEAN UNION’S EFFORTS IN PROMOTING AND PROTECTING THE FREEDOM OF RELIGION OR BELIEF
The European Council and the Council of the EU
The European Commission:
- The EU Special Envoy for the promotion of freedom of religion or belief outside the European Union
- The European External Action Service (EEAS) and EU representations in third countries
- Promoting and protecting religious freedom in trade relations
The European Parliament
Annex 1 – Questionnaire and list of respondents
Annex 2 – Overview of the European Parliament’s initiatives relating to the freedom of religion or belief 2017-2021
Annex 3 – Overview of Council initiatives relating to the freedom of religion or belief 2017-2021
The European Times/ HRWF (28.03.2022) – The FoRB report, which outlines the “state of the art of religious freedom in the world” and discusses the “European institutions’ actions to protect religious freedom”, was drafted in collaboration with some of the most important associations and NGOs in the sector, involving “different representatives of the faiths, from Christian associations to Baha’i, Muslims and Jews”.
In addition to the co-chairs of the intergroup Peter VAN DALEN (EPP) and Carlo FIDANZA (FdI- Ecr) who opened the session, other speakers were Iannis Argyropoulos, Head of Unit for Asia-Pacific and South Asia Regional Affairs of the European External Action Service; ; Marcela Szymanski, editor-in-chief of the ”Religious Freedom in the World” dossier at the Pontifical Foundation Aid to the Church in Need and Willy Fautre, Director of Human Rights Without Frontiers and Oksana Oleynikova, director of the Good Shepherd children’s home in Ukraine, who “updated the audience on the current situation in Ukraine.
Peter VAN DALEN, co-chair of the Intergroup since its inception ten years ago, started by saying that “The EU needs to enhance its efforts in promoting and protecting freedom of religion or belief, as it is deteriorating in many countries. In EU policy, too often economic interests prevail over human rights commitments. Therefore, the European Commission must reappoint a Special Envoy for the promotion and protection for the freedom of religion or belief as soon as possible.“
Co-chair Carlo FIDANZA recalled that among those persecuted for their faith, “over 360 million Christians experience a high level of persecution and discrimination. Today the eyes of the world are rightly focused on the martyrdom of Mariupol,” FIDANZA said, “but with this report, we want to turn the spotlight on another martyrdom that takes place every day in total indifference and which affects millions of believers.”
And FIDANZA added: “As Peter VAN DALEN said, in most countries, we can see that both a very dominant religious majority (often Islamic, e.g. Pakistan) or a rather authoritarian government (e.g. China) are the main drivers of persecution of religious minorities. Often we can also see a combination of these two (e.g. Iran, Turkey).”
The report, which has just been published by the FoRB intergroup, selects 11 countries that, according to the NGOs participating in the survey, are the countries where religious freedom is increasingly restricted.
Among them China, where forced Sinicisation is underway at the expense of Uyghur Muslims, Falun Gong practitioners, Christians and of course Tibetan Buddhists.
In Nigeria, President Buhari has worked to foster an islamisation of the country and Christians are mainly persecuted by jihadist groups such as Boko Haram, Iswap and local warlords.
In Pakistan, the majority of the Sunni population is aggressive towards minorities and anti-blasphemy laws are often misused to settle scores with non-Muslim competitors in business.
Last but not least, the press release of the Intergroup also focuses on Algeria, Myanmar, Eritrea, Vietnam and Turkey where President Erdogan promotes Sunni Islamisation policies at the expense of atheists, Christians and Jews.
In the Q&A part of the launch event, MEP Carlo FIDANZA stressed that the Intergroup “will continue taking the initiative to address the situation of persecuted minorities worldwide” and “will keep pushing for a quick reappointment of a Special Envoy on Freedom of Religion or Belief outside the EU”, a position efficiently occupied by Jan Figel from 2016 to 2019, and left vacant since then… Where there is no political will, there is no way.