EU: The European Union must have the courage to reform the European Arrest Warrant, say several experts at the European Parliament
HRWF (08.02.2017) – “The European Commission should urgently consider a reform of the European Arrest Warrant (EAW) as for years its implementation has been tarnished by numerous flaws,” a number of experts said during an event at the European Parliament hosted yesterday by MEP Hannu Takkula (Watch the Opening speech here) with the collaboration of Human Rights Without Frontiers.
The invited speakers were:
- Jago Russell from Fair Trials, London
- Barrister Eeva Heikkila, London
- Oliver Pahnecke, a human rights lawyer working closely with the OSCE in Warsaw
Throughout the session, the speakers highlighted the precarious and important future of the EAW as the EU transforms in the coming years. Across the board, the experts paid particular attention towards the pivotal role of human rights in regards to the success of this international tool of justice.
Jago Russell: “I want to support the EU in creating a strong and effective mechanism to fight against cross-border crime and terrorism. The EAW has a crucial role to play in this regard but the EU must have the courage to look at the EAW because if it closes its eyes to the way it is undermining human rights, it will give antra-ammunition to those who criticize it.” (Watch his full presentation here).
A number of concrete cases pointing at dramatic flaws were mentioned with regard to France, Germany, Italy, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, UK.
Oliver Pahnecke: “Trust about the judicial systems and their independence from external actors is vital for the effectiveness of the EAW but in Romania, the Intelligence Services (SRI) undermine the independence of the judiciary and the rule of law. National Union of the Romanian Judges (UNJR) has for some time spearheaded the campaign of Romanian judges against the covert involvement of the Romanian Intelligence Service in the judiciary. Under the pretext of fighting corruption, the SRI increased its influence to a point where the independence of the judiciary and the rule of law have become questionable. (Full text available on request)
Eeva Heikkila: “The prosecutions of Dan Adamescu and his son Alex are huge and controversial cases in Romania. As you know, Dan Adamescu, aged 68, died during his detention last month because despite his very bad health conditions he was denied an early release or an alternative way of serving his prison sentence. Some wonder if it is a politically motivated case. There is evidence that the Social Democratic Party and former PM Victor Ponta were instrumental in many things that went wrong. This is widely reported in the media. Alex has nothing to hide and would be happy to stand trial on the condition that it is fair but there is no guarantee. (For more details from Eeva Heikkila, watch her post-conference interview here)
Willy Fautré: “The huge demonstrations in the last two weeks in Romania have clearly shown that the people do not believe in a democratic rule of law in their country. Neither does the European Court. In 2015 alone, the ECtHR delivered 72 judgments (each citing at least one violation) against Romania, the highest number of any EU member state. Among the 47 member states of the Council of Europe, Romania ranked the third highest human rights abuser after the Russian Federation (109 judgments) and Turkey (79 judgments). Worryingly, 27 of those violations in Romania were for inhumane or degrading treatment (Article 3), with many relating to the appalling conditions and treatment in Romanian prisons. In 13 cases, the violations were due to the lack of effective investigation and in 13 other cases to the lack of a fair trial.
Moreover, Bucharest abuses the European Arrest Warrant as well. For example, in 2015-16, there were 1508 requests of extradition addressed by Romania to the UK while London had only addressed six requests to Bucharest. All these reasons should seriously be taken into consideration by the executing countries which are requested to implement extradition to Romania as long as the rule of law and prison conditions fail to meet EU standards.”
There was a echoing conclusion regarding the necessity of the European Commission to come out of its long silence and passivity, and to urgently reform the EAW, as requested by Fair Trials.
 European Court of Human Rights, Statistics: “Violations by Article and by State 2015”, echr.coe.int, Accessed 08 November 2016, http://www.echr.coe.int/Documents/Stats_violation_2015_ENG.pdf